One Health, SDGs and ethical conflicts
One way to reach the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is to follow One Health approaches. Primarily focusing on diseases transmitted between humans and animals, the scope has widened to include other health-related issues with more than one species. Additional scientific disciplines have become involved, including arts and humanities. One Health approaches have a strong multispecies and multi- or interdisciplinary scope, both scientifically and societally. This primarily deals with health and well-being (SDG3) but also with all the other goals, because health in its broadest sense is dependent on all aspects of life. Much emphasis in research has been put on medical, biological and veterinary aspects of One Health approaches, and very little on ethical aspects. Are there conflicts between different SDGs so that a progress in one risks influencing another negatively? If humans, animals, plants and ecosystems all count, what ethical framework could be used to think about fulfilling the SDGs? What happens to human rights in a multispecies community? What are the future ethical obstacles in global health policies if they are to consider more species than just humans?
This track will discuss these issues with the aim to propose a declaration indicating areas worth considering in future research and policy making regarding ethics in relation to the SDGs. This final declaration will be based on knowledge brought forward through the track.
- Noor Hazfalinda Hamzah, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
- Nigel Holt, Head of Psychology, Aberystwyth University.